A SAILBOAT IN THE BOTTLE...All-Union poster competitions boat clearly show that is not quenched the interest in this ancient kind of creativity as the production of models in various vessels of the original form. This is confirmed by the many letters sent to the editors with a request to reveal the secret penetration of the vessel, armed with all her sails set, through a narrow bottleneck.

There are several ways of creating such models. Today we want to introduce you to one of them, perhaps the most accessible.
Work should start with the selection of the vessel. The best you can considered the one that gives the minimum optical distortions and corresponds to the appearance of the future model. For example, a model of a clipper ship or barque is better placed in the oblong bottle type “bottle”, a Caravel or a Galleon — bellied (Fig. 1).
A few words about the tools that you need for the job. Will tell only about the main, but in their image you can make whole sets.
One of the most essential devices is the tweezers, shown in figure 2. It consists of two spokes with the ends of the grippers, which hold details of microparasites. Tweezers simple, but in its basis it is possible to make many other tools. For example, a pair of scissors. They differ from tweezers, only in a different sharpened ends and an additional sliding sleeve (Fig. 3). At first, you will need another hook and plug (Fig. 4).
Proceed to the production model. It is almost the same as any other microparasitic, as well handled, gets, equips. However, there are special requirements.
To begin work on a case it is necessary to test whether he can move in the neck of the jar, and note that the model is embedded in the bottle together with folded mast (Fig. 5). You need to decide whether to produce the whole body or only to the water line. The latter, for many reasons, preferable.
To provide ease of Assembly, it is necessary to very carefully cut the grooves for the mast — steps. Their shape is shown in figure 6. The width of each groove should be 0.5 mm bigger than the diameter of the spur of the mast.
Fig. 1. The choice of receptacle depending on the type and size of sailboat prototype.
Fig. 2. Tweezers:
1 — head, 2 — first spoke, 3 — hook, 4 — second needle, 5, 7 — guide loops, 6 — spring, 8 — tips-grips.
Fig. 3. The tweezers with the ends-scissors.
Fig. 4. The hook (1) and plug (2).
Fig. 5. The selection of the vessel diameter of the neck.
Fig. 6. The shape and location of grooves-Stepnov under the mast.
Fig. 7. The location of the holes in the masts and wiring of suppression.
Fig. 8. Fill in the vessel is tinted polyester resin.
Fig. 9. Installation of microporosity in the vessel.

After processing, dyeing and finishing of the case can be taken for fabrication of the mast. Vytachiv and finished all of its elements, it is necessary to drill the bowsprit and the masts a number of pairs of holes — their number is exactly twice the amount of weight on the model (Fig. 7). As can be seen from the figure, each stays at one end is mounted on the mast, and the other successively pulled through the holes in the mast and ends at the bowsprit. Before tightening the stays of the mast are set spurs into the slots on the deck.
Now gently pull the stays — in this case the mast will be vertical. The ends of the stays need to be temporarily mounted on the bowsprit and are ready to install guys and fortunov, and then Rei, running rigging and sails. Remember that no detail of the rigging shall not be secured tightly, otherwise the mast will be impossible to “fill” back.
Now, prepare the vessel. If the body is done up to the waterline in the bottle, it is desirable to simulate the water surface — there you can pour a little bit of polyester resin, tinted in blue-green color. This should be done cautiously (Fig. 8) to avoid staining of the vessel wall.
After polymerization of the resin, set the model in the bottle. On the “water surface”) must apply a few drops of glue is better than epoxy. Free temporarily secured the ends of the stays and gently drop the mast in the stern. Now put the model inside the bottle and wait until the glue dries. The ends of the stays must be outside of the vessel. Gently pull on them. Once the mast is upright, the ends of the stays secured to the bowsprit with glue, then carefully cut. It remains to close the bottle with decorative tube and make a beautiful stand.
A. zhigal’skii, Leningrad

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