In the last century, Vladimir Dal in his dictionary gave this definition of shovel: “Lopaty shell for digging, vygreba, nawalka, dosing of bulk solids.” Since the shovel has remained the most reliable and perhaps the most popular instrument of the agricultural worker.
In recent years, developed many machines and entire units to facilitate the work of the farmer, including the grower, transplanting trees, and shrubs. For example, is already widely known, although the recently established Ukrainian scientists and designers, the units “Mole”. They are of great help in the greening of our cities, working on the streets, in parks and gardens. However, like all other “Moles” have a powerful propulsion system, hydraulic transmission, lifting devices, placed in the tractor database is really complicated, bulky machine. Don’t use them in nurseries, gardens, fruit plots. And is still hard at work here shovels and hoes, especially every fall and spring, digging, transplanting trees and shrubs. When he decided, at least partially, to start the mechanization of the process, we noticed that the most time-consuming and difficult part of the job: cutting turf, digging and undercut the roots. The thought came to replace the “blade” of the shovel cutting tape, and “digging and cesspool” — cutting out a whole clod from the earth and to build a mechanism which is used to operate the entire weight of the body.