Modelers – people are scrupulous, and appreciate when a replica model of the aircraft, ship or tank is not only the most similar prototype, but repeats it in great detail. Imagine that you will be able to demonstrate a model of passenger airliner or fighter jet, including the main design elements of its engines! Today we talk about how modern aircraft gas turbine engine (GTE) and why building it requires a higher skill level. This publication will also be useful for followers of simulation, shipbuilding and armored vehicles. Because it is often under the deck of a modern ship or under armor tank is still the same GTD.
First a little history. As you know, until the Second world war, the aircraft was established reciprocating engines and for a long time they were comfortable with the pilots, and designers. However, the need for increased flight speeds “pulled” for an increase in the mass of such engines, making the aircraft too heavy. Then replaced the piston came to gas turbine engines, which enabled the aircraft to a higher speed at a much lower weight of the structure.
Calculations for creating gas turbine engines was conducted in the prewar years in the USSR, England, Germany, and Italy. Until 1941 on the creation of aircraft GTE in our country worked mainly V. V. Uvarov and A. M. Lyulka, and the beginning of the war, their design was almost preserved. In England, and especially in Germany, designing GTE continued in full swing, and by mid-1944 Luftwaffe appeared jets. In the same year, the State Committee of defense of the USSR adopted a decree on the development of jet technology. It was decided to create a prototype GTE V. V. Uvarov and A. M. Lyulki. After the acquisition of GTE party of British firms began to use them. Appeared captured German jet aircraft, whose engines – BMW-003 and Jumo-004 – carefully studied and mastered the production.